Naming of Compounds

IUPAC Rules for naming of compounds

When learning chemistry at any level,learning naming of compounds is essential. This page has information related to naming of compounds based on the IUPAC rules, for naming ionic compounds and naming molecular compounds,

After watching the videos you can check out your skills on polyatomic ions and naming.

Introductory Naming Videos:
Naming Ionic Compounds

Naming Molecular Compounds

International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry or IUPAC
An organization in Paris France which is the regulating body for naming of compounds and providing standards for measurement of other units like mass , length, time etc.

Naming of compounds

Naming of Ionic Compounds

 

Binary compounds: A compound formed from 2 kinds of atoms or two kinds of mono atomic ions. Oxidation number or valency of an ion: The number indicated on a cation or anion showing the number of electrons gained or lost also known as valency.

Tertiary compounds: A compound composed of 3 different elements Oxyanions: A polyatomic ion containing oxygen.

Multivalent ions: A cation (metal ion) capable of showing more than one valency e.g. Pb2+ and Pb4+

Classical Approach for multivalent ions: -ous lower oxidation state Fe2+ Ferrous -ic higher oxidation state Fe3+ Ferric

Hydrates Tertiary ionic compounds which contain water molecules within the crystal structure are called hydrates e.g. CuSO4 . 5H2O = Copper(II) sulfate pentahydrate

Key terms: Chemical Nomenclature: A system such as the one approved by IUPAC

International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry or IUPAC An organization in Paris France. This is the regulating body for naming compounds and providing standards for measurement of other units like mass , length, time etc.

Binary compounds: A compound formed from 2 kinds of atoms or two kinds of mono atomic ions. Oxidation number or valency of an ion: The number indicated on a cation or anion showing the number of electrons gained or lost also known as valency.

Tertiary compounds: A compound composed of 3 different elements Oxyanions: A polyatomic ion containing oxygen. Multivalent ions: A cation (metal ion) capable of showing more than one valency e.g. Pb2+ and Pb4+

Classical Approach for multivalent ions: -ous lower oxidation state Fe2+ Ferrous -ic higher oxidation state Fe3+ Ferric

Hydrates Tertiary ionic compounds which contain water molecules within the crystal structure are called hydrates e.g. CuSO4 . 5H2O


Acids: Common definition would be compounds that are capable of furnishing H+ ions in aqueous solutions.

Bases Classical definition would be compounds capable of furnishing OH- ions in aqueous solution.

Acids: Common definition would be compounds that are capable of furnishing H+ ions in aqueous solutions.

Bases Classical definition would be compounds capable of furnishing OH- ions in aqueous solution.

Naming of Molecular compounds, or Covalent compounds

Naming of Compounds, Ionic Compounds, Molecular Compounds, IUPAC, IUPAC Rules.