Solubility Product – Atomic theory – Test outline

Atomic Theory, Coordination compounds and Solubility product
Topics for test
Quantum mechanical model of the atom

Chapter 8

  • Electromagnetic radiation
  • Relation between frequency, wavelength and energy
  • Line spectra of hydrogen
  • The Rydberg equation
  • Calculation of wavelength
  • Bohr Theory
  • Wave mechanical model
  • Quantization of energy of an electron
  • Quantum numbers
  • Principal
  • Angular momentum
  • Magnetic moment
  • Spin
  • Pauli’s exclusion principle
  • Paramagnetism, Diamagnetism
  • Ground state configurations
  • Excited state configurations
  • Abbreviated electron configuration – Aufbau order
  • Electronic configuration
  • Exceptional configuration
  • Regular configuration
  • Atomic orbitals and shapes, s,p,d; degeneracy, uncertainty principle
  • Hund’s rule

Chemical Bonding

  • Covalent bonds
  • Ionic bonds
  • Explain shapes of molecules using Valence Bond Theory or Hybridization
  • Bonding in methane, ethane, ethane, ethane, ethyne etc. SF6, PCl5, CH4, BF3,BeCl2, NH4Cl,
  • Bonding polarity and electronegativity only application based on
  • Hydrogen bonds
  • Polar bonds
  • London’s Dispersion force
  • Shapes of molecules and its effect on properties of the compound
  • Hybrid orbitals and shapes
  • Sigma bonds, pi bonds
  • Bonding and anti bonding molecular orbitals

Metal Complexes
Chapter 22

  • Complex ions
  • Types of ligands
  • Writing formulas of metal complexes
  • Naming of metal complexes
  • Coordination numb er and shapes of complex compounds – use hybridization to explain
  • Some common examples of complex ions in biological species

Solubility product
Chapter 18

  • Equilibria of sparing soluble salts
  • Solubility product constant Ksp
  • Determination of Ksp from molar solubility
  • Ion product Vs Solubility product
  • Determining molar solubility from Ksp
  • Common ion effect, qualitative explanation and calculation
  • Predicting precipitation, problems
  • Selective precipitation of halides, sulfides, hydroxides, metals
  • Application of knowledge of Ksp
  • Use of complex ion formation in qualitative analysis
  • Separation of metal ions using Ksp



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